This post aims to familiarise you with the process of deploying & interacting smart contracts. In this post, we will be using remix as the IDE and metamask as the frontend UI to interact with the smart contract.
Remix is an online IDE for Solidity with an intergrated debugger & testing environment. It allows developers to compile and deploy smart contracts on a local test environment or public blockchain via metamask. If you haven’t, read the previous post first.
- Ensure the environment is correct
- Injected web3 option will use metamask to connect to the ethereum network that metamask is currently on
- Web3 Provider option allows you to connect to any ethereum node (ganache for example)
- The details button in Compile tab is useful to get smart contract’s Bytecode or ABI for use in 3rd party tools.
- When verifying contract source code on etherscan, make sure optimiser is selected
More details & tutorials are available on the official documentation here
Metamask is a chrome extension that acts as a bridge that allows you to run Ethereum dApps right in your browser without running a full Ethereum node.
- Metamask uses Mnemonic phrase as private keys. Meaning, the actual private key is derived from the seed words and you can restore your wallet using it. Keep them safe!
- Multiple addresses can be generated using wallet (or seed words). This is known as a Deterministic wallet
More info on metamask on their official github page
There are several ways to deploy smart contract. The most common ways are via truffle using the truffle migrate/deploy command or using remix. Alternatively, you can also compile the smart contract into bytecode and deploy in any 3rd party tool or via plugins to metamask. However we will only focus on truffle and remix in this blog.
In addition to testing it locally/privately like Ganache-cli, there are 3 public test nets in ethereum that you can use to test the smart contract before deploying on the main net
ROPSTEN - Proof Of Work
KOVAN - Proof Of Authority
RINKEBY - Clique Consensus
We usually use Rinkeby as it is more stable and contains a convenient facuet to get test ethers.
After deploying smart contracts, you can interact with smart contracts in 3 main ways
- Using remix in-built tool under Run tab - It should automatically list the contract you deployed. Alternatively, load a contract address
- Using 3rd party wallet like myEtherWallet, myCrypto or mist by importing the ABI and contract address
Note: To get data or call functions notioned by “view”, meaning that the request does not alter the blockchain state, you do not need to create any transaction in the blockchain.